Over time scholars have debated the question of what precisely the hallmarks of civilization are.
Many think about the growth of writing, mathematics, astronomy, stratified society, trade systems, etc. as a measurement of progression towards high culture. ( A foolish argument, during my judgement. Chances are everyone should be aware that true civilization is earmarked by hot showers and ice in your drink.) However the utilization of writing traditionally been considered a gauge for determining how far a civilization has evolved from more beginnings that are modest.
In the case of the ancient Maya it is certainly correct that their system of writing is hailed among the most notable achievements associated with the New that is pre-Columbian World. The capability to record information in relatively permanent records which may be handed down from generation to generation continuity that is insured the transmission of seasonal and astronomical data. This led to the refinement of mathematic systems and, as it ended up, growth of a calendar far more accurate than that used in Europe well to the sixteenth century.
Even though it is certainly correct that the Maya writing system was probably the most refined in all of Mesoamerica, other cultures eventually caught to the idea. The Aztec and Mixtec cultures adopted a somewhat less form that is sophisticated of keeping, with strong emphasis on picture-writing instead of the Maya system which was language oriented. The Inca developed a complicated system of record keeping using knotted strings which suited their needs in keeping track of herds of animals, but they never got around to writing things down in South America.
The Maya, on the other side hand, manufactured paper through the inner bark of certain types of trees, mainly the amate and ficus. Stone bark-beaters, oblong, flat grooved tools about hand-size were utilized to pound out of the bark which was then bleached with lime, cut into strips and folded like a Japanese screen. Continue reading The Ancient Maya writing . What exactly is known and unknown